VITAMINS AND MINERALS
ESSENTIAL VITAMINS AND MINERALS
IMPORTANCE OF VITAMINS AND MINERALS
Everybody knows that we need vitamins and minerals for a healthy life, but what vitamins are and what our body needs? What are the foods that provide us the vitamins and minerals we need? What are vitamins? Vitamins represent organic compounds that are necessary for growth and good function of the body. Vitamins are necessary in small amounts, and therefore they are called micronutrients, because the body uses vitamins without disintegrate them.
There are 13 compounds that are considered vitamins, of which 9 are soluble in water, soluble vitamins, and 4 are soluble in fat. Vitamin and B complex vitamins are water soluble and the excess amounts are excreted and soluble vitamins A, D, E and K are stored in small amounts in the body. Vitamins are organic substances, which are made by animals or plants, and minerals are inorganic elements that come from the water or the soil. Our body needs large amounts of certain minarals, such as calcium to grow strong and healthy, and small amounts of other minerals, such as copper, iron or zinc.
Vitamins and minerals do an amazing job for our organism, supporting our growth and be a real help for our organs and cells. For example, vitamin K helps blood to clot vitamin A helps in preveting eye problems. As we said above, calcium it is a mineral that our body needs and uses a lot, so for strong bones doctors recommend to eat yogurt, milk and green vegetables, all these foods rich in calcium. Milk it is not rich only in calcium, but also in vitamin D, phosphorus or potassium. Vitamin B12, an important vitamin for manufacturing red blood cells, it is not found in plant foods, and for the people who don’t eat meat, you can find it in breakfast cereals, milk, eggs. It is important to take care what we eat and to make sure that we get from our meals vitamins and minerals vital for our body.